Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Enzyme-Type Biofuel Cell Using Electrode Modified with Two DET-Type Enzymes by Covalent Bonding

Hiroki FUJITA  Yasushiro NISHIOKA  Satomitsu IMAI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E102-C   No.2   pp.155-158
Publication Date: 2019/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2018OMS0006
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
EBFC,  MWCNT,  Covalent bond,  PQQ-GDH,  FDH,  

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The demand for enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) as power sources or auxiliary power sources for small devices is expected to increase in the near future. EBFCs have advanced properties and do not require a separator, depending on the substrate specificity of the enzyme. Two direct electron transfer (DET)-type enzymes were used to modify anodes (length 5mm, width 4mm) by a chemical modification method using a condensation agent. The DET-type enzymes used in this study were pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) with glucose as a reaction substrate and fructose dehydrogenase (FDH) using fructose as a reaction substrate. Carboxyl groups were attached to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) that act as catalyst carriers, activated to other functional groups, and reacted with the amino groups of the enzyme by the condensation agent to form covalent bonds. As a result, the upper limit of the concentration, considered to be the reaction limit, was raised as compared with that of EBFC modified with only one kind of enzyme for each electrode prepared by the same process. The output voltage was 0.155V, and the maximum power density was 80.08µW/cm2.