Information Dissemination Using MANET for Disaster Evacuation Support

Tomoyuki OHTA  Masahiro NISHI  Toshikazu TERAMI  Yoshiaki KAKUDA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.4   pp.670-678
Publication Date: 2019/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018SEI0001
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Sensing, Wireless Networking, Data Collection, Analysis and Processing Technologies for Ambient Intelligence with Internet of Things)
Category: 
Keyword: 
mobile ad hoc networks,  sensing techniques,  information dissemination,  disaster evacuation support,  

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Summary: 
To minimize the damage caused by landslides resulting from torrential rain, residents must quickly evacuate to a place of refuge. To make the decision to evacuate, residents must be able to collect and share disaster information. Firstly, this paper introduces the Grass-roots Information Distribution System and a fixed type monitoring system which our research group has been developing. The fixed type monitoring system is deployed at the location of apparent danger, whereas the Grass-roots Information Distribution System distributes disaster information acquired from the fixed type monitoring system through a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) to residents. The MANET is configured using mobile terminals of residents. Next, in this paper, an information dissemination scheme utilizing a MANET and cellular networks to communicate among mobile terminals is proposed and simulated in the area where our research group has been deploying the distribution system. The MANET topology and information distribution obtained from the simulation results for further field experiments are then discussed.