Adaptive Wireless Power Transfer System without Feedback Information Using Single Matching Network

Jae-Ho LEE  Dong-Wook SEO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.2   pp.257-265
Publication Date: 2019/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018ISP0006
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2017)
Category: Wireless Power Transfer
Keyword: 
inductive link,  operating power gain,  power transfer efficiency,  reflection coefficient,  wireless charging,  wireless power transfer,  

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Summary: 
It is well known that the power transfer efficiency (PTE) of a wireless power transfer (WPT) system is maximized at a specific coupling coefficient under the fixed system parameters. For an adaptive WPT system, various attempts have been made to achieve the maximum PTE by changing the system parameters. Applying the input matching networks to the WPT system is one of the most popular implementation methods to change the source impedance and improve the PTE. In this paper, we derive the optimum source condition for the given load and the achievable maximum PTE under the optimum source condition in a closed-form. Furthermore, we propose a method to estimate the input impedance, without feedback information, and an input matching network structure that transforms the source impedance into the optimum source obtained from the estimated input impedance. The proposed technique is successfully implemented at a resonant frequency of 13.56MHz. The experimental results are in close agreement with the theoretical achievable maximum PTE and show that the use of only a single matching network can sufficiently achieve a PTE close to the ideal maximum PTE.