A Low Cost Solution of Hand Gesture Recognition Using a Three-Dimensional Radar Array

Shengchang LAN  Zonglong HE  Weichu CHEN  Kai YAO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.2   pp.233-240
Publication Date: 2019/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018ISP0007
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2017)
Category: Sensing
Keyword: 
hand gesture recognition,  radar array,  Doppler effect,  decision tree,  convolutional neural network,  

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Summary: 
In order to provide an alternative solution of human machine interfaces, this paper proposed to recognize 10 human hand gestures regularly used in the consumer electronics controlling scenarios based on a three-dimensional radar array. This radar array was composed of three low cost 24GHz K-band Doppler CW (Continuous Wave) miniature I/Q (In-phase and Quadrature) transceiver sensors perpendicularly mounted to each other. Temporal and spectral analysis was performed to extract magnitude and phase features from six channels of I/Q signals. Two classifiers were proposed to implement the recognition. Firstly, a decision tree classifier performed a fast responsive recognition by using the supervised thresholds. To improve the recognition robustness, this paper further studied the recognition using a two layer CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) classifier with the frequency spectra as the inputs. Finally, the paper demonstrated the experiments and analysed the performances of the radar array respectively. Results showed that the proposed system could reach a high recognition accurate rate higher than 92%.