Design Optimization of Radar Absorbent Material for Broadband and Continuous Oblique Incidence Characteristics

Yuka ISHII  Naobumi MICHISHITA  Hisashi MORISHITA  Yuki SATO  Kazuhiro IZUI  Shinji NISHIWAKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.2   pp.216-223
Publication Date: 2019/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018ISP0017
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2017)
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
Keyword: 
radar absorbent material,  broadband characteristics,  oblique incidence characteristics,  design optimization,  NSGA-II,  

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Summary: 
Radar-absorbent materials (RAM) with various characteristics, such as broadband, oblique-incidence, and polarization characteristics, have been developed according to applications in recent years. This paper presents the optimized design method of two flat layers RAM with both broadband and oblique-incidence characteristics for the required RAM performance. The oblique-incidence characteristics mean that the RAM is possible to absorb radio waves continuously up to the maximum incidence angle. The index of the wave-absorption amount is 20dB, corresponding to an absorption rate of 99%. Because determination of the electrical material constant of each layer is the most important task with respect to the received frequency and the incidence angle, we optimized the values by using Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II). Two types of flat-layer RAM composed of dielectric and magnetic materials were designed and their characteristics were evaluated. Consequently, it was confirmed that oblique-incidence characteristics were better for the RAM composed of dielectric materials. The dielectric RAM achieved an incidence angle of up to 60° with broadband characteristics and a relative bandwidth of 77.01% at the transverse-magnetic (TM) wave incidence. In addition, the magnetic RAM could lower the minimum frequency of the system more than the dielectric RAM. The minimum frequency of the magnetic RAM was 1.38GHz with a relative bandwidth of 174.18% at TM-wave incidence and an incidence angle of 45°. We confirmed that it is possible to design RAM with broadband characteristics and continuous oblique-incidence characteristics by using the proposed method.