Analysis of Regular Sampling of Chaotic Waveform and Chaotic Sampling of Regular Waveform for Random Number Generation

Kaya DEMR  Salih ERGÜN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E102-A   No.6   pp.767-774
Publication Date: 2019/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E102.A.767
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Circuits and Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
random number generator (RNG),  continuous-time chaos,  chaotic & regular sampling,  kernel density estimation,  approximate entropy,  autocorrelation,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents an analysis of random number generators based on continuous-time chaotic oscillators. Two different methods for random number generation have been studied: 1) Regular sampling of a chaotic waveform, and 2) Chaotic sampling of a regular waveform. Kernel density estimation is used to analytically describe the distribution of chaotic state variables and the probability density function corresponding to the output bit stream. Random bit sequences are generated using analytical equations and results from numerical simulations. Applying the concepts of autocorrelation and approximate entropy, randomness quality of the generated bit sequences are assessed to analyze relationships between the frequencies of the regular and chaotic waveforms used in both random number generation methods. It is demonstrated that in both methods, there exists certain ratios between the frequencies of regular and chaotic signal at which the randomness of the output bit stream changes abruptly. Furthermore, both random number generation methods have been compared against their immunity to interference from external signals. Analysis shows that chaotic sampling of regular waveform method provides more robustness against interference compared to regular sampling of chaotic waveform method.