Trading-Off Computing and Cooling Energies by VM Migration in Data Centers

Ying SONG  Xia ZHAO  Bo WANG  Yuzhong SUN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.9   pp.2224-2234
Publication Date: 2018/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2017EDP7329
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamentals of Information Systems
energy saving,  trading off,  computing energy,  cooling energy,  VM migration,  

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High energy cost is a big challenge faced by the current data centers, wherein computing energy and cooling energy are main contributors to such cost. Consolidating workload onto fewer servers decreases the computing energy. However, it may result in thermal hotspots which typically consume greater cooling energy. Thus the tradeoff between computing energy decreasing and cooling energy decreasing is necessary for energy saving. In this paper, we propose a minimized-total-energy virtual machine (VM for short) migration model called C2vmMap based on efficient tradeoff between computing and cooling energies, with respect to two relationships: one for between the resource utilization and computing power and the other for among the resource utilization, the inlet and outlet temperatures of servers, and the cooling power. Regarding online resolution of the above model for better scalability, we propose a VM migration algorithm called C2vmMap_heur to decrease the total energy of a data center at run-time. We evaluate C2vmMap_heur under various workload scenarios. The real server experimental results show that C2vmMap_heur reduces up to 40.43% energy compared with the non-migration load balance algorithm. This algorithm saves up to 3x energy compared with the existing VM migration algorithm.