Optimization of Body Biasing for Variable Pipelined Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Architectures

Takuya KOJIMA  Naoki ANDO  Hayate OKUHARA  Ng. Anh Vu DOAN  Hideharu AMANO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.6   pp.1532-1540
Publication Date: 2018/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2017EDP7308
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computer System
Keyword: 
CGRA,  body bias,  power reduction,  Cool Mega Array,  

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Summary: 
Variable Pipeline Cool Mega Array (VPCMA) is a low power Coarse Grained Reconfigurable Architecture (CGRA) based on the concept of CMA (Cool Mega Array). It provides a pipeline structure in the PE array that can be configured so as to fit target algorithms and required performance. Also, VPCMA uses the Silicon On Thin Buried oxide (SOTB) technology, a type of Fully Depleted Silicon On Insulator (FDSOI), so it is possible to control its body bias voltage to provide a balance between performance and leakage power. In this paper, we study the optimization of the VPCMA body bias while considering simultaneously its variable pipeline structure. Through evaluations, we can observe that it is possible to achieve an average reduction of energy consumption, for the studied applications, of 17.75% and 10.49% when compared to respectively the zero bias (without body bias control) and the uniform (control of the whole PE array) cases, while respecting performance constraints. Besides, it is observed that, with appropriate body bias control, it is possible to extend the possible performance, hence enabling broader trade-off analyzes between consumption and performance. Considering the dynamic power as well as the static power, more appropriate pipeline structure and body bias voltage can be obtained. In addition, when the control of VDD is integrated, higher performance can be achieved with a steady increase of the power. These promising results show that applying an adequate optimization technique for the body bias control while simultaneously considering pipeline structures can not only enable further power reduction than previous methods, but also allow more trade-off analysis possibilities.