A Data Fusion-Based Fire Detection System

Ying-Yao TING  Chi-Wei HSIAO  Huan-Sheng WANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.4   pp.977-984
Publication Date: 2018/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016IIP0005
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Intelligent Information and Communication Technology and its Applications to Creative Activity Support)
Category: Technologies for Knowledge Support Platform
multi-sensor,  short message service,  data fusion,  Dempster-Shafer theory,  

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To prevent constraints or defects of a single sensor from malfunctions, this paper proposes a fire detection system based on the Dempster-Shafer theory with multi-sensor technology. The proposed system operates in three stages: measurement, data reception and alarm activation, where an Arduino is tasked with measuring and interpreting the readings from three types of sensors. Sensors under consideration involve smoke, light and temperature detection. All the measured data are wirelessly transmitted to the backend Raspberry Pi for subsequent processing. Within the system, the Raspberry Pi is used to determine the probability of fire events using the Dempster-Shafer theory. We investigate moderate settings of the conflict coefficient and how it plays an essential role in ensuring the plausibility of the system's deduced results. Furthermore, a MySQL database with a web server is deployed on the Raspberry Pi for backlog and data analysis purposes. In addition, the system provides three notification services, including web browsing, smartphone APP, and short message service. For validation, we collected the statistics from field tests conducted in a controllable and safe environment by emulating fire events happening during both daytime and nighttime. Each experiment undergoes the No-fire, On-fire and Post-fire phases. Experimental results show an accuracy of up to 98% in both the No-fire and On-fire phases during the daytime and an accuracy of 97% during the nighttime under reasonable conditions. When we take the three phases into account, the accuracy in the daytime and nighttime increase to 97% and 89%, respectively. Field tests validate the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed system.