Grid-Based Parallel Algorithms of Join Queries for Analyzing Multi-Dimensional Data on MapReduce

Miyoung JANG  Jae-Woo CHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.4   pp.964-976
Publication Date: 2018/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016IIP0010
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Intelligent Information and Communication Technology and its Applications to Creative Activity Support)
Category: Technologies for Knowledge Support Platform
MapReduce based join query processing,  similarity join algorithm,  k-NN join algorithm,  grid partitioning method,  

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Recently, the join processing of large-scale datasets in MapReduce environments has become an important issue. However, the existing MapReduce-based join algorithms suffer from too much overhead for constructing and updating the data index. Moreover, the similarity computation cost is high because the existing algorithms partition data without considering the data distribution. In this paper, we propose two grid-based join algorithms for MapReduce. First, we propose a similarity join algorithm that evenly distributes join candidates using a dynamic grid index, which partitions data considering data density and similarity threshold. We use a bottom-up approach by merging initial grid cells into partitions and assigning them to MapReduce jobs. Second, we propose a k-NN join query processing algorithm for MapReduce. To reduce the data transmission cost, we determine an optimal grid cell size by considering the data distribution of randomly selected samples. Then, we perform kNN join by assigning the only related join data to a reducer. From performance analysis, we show that our similarity join query processing algorithm and our k-NN join algorithm outperform existing algorithms by up to 10 times, in terms of query processing time.