Temporal and Spatial Expansion of Urban LOD for Solving Illegally Parked Bicycles in Tokyo

Shusaku EGAMI  Takahiro KAWAMURA  Akihiko OHSUGA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.1   pp.116-129
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2017SWP0010
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Semantic Web and Linked Data)
linked open data,  urban problems,  illegally parked bicycles,  

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The illegal parking of bicycles is a serious urban problem in Tokyo. The purpose of this study was to sustainably build Linked Open Data (LOD) to assist in solving the problem of illegally parked bicycles (IPBs) by raising social awareness, in cooperation with the Office for Youth Affairs and Public Safety of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (Tokyo Bureau). We first extracted information on the problem factors and designed LOD schema for IPBs. Then we collected pieces of data from the Social Networking Service (SNS) and the websites of municipalities to build the illegally parked bicycle LOD (IPBLOD) with more than 200,000 triples. We then estimated the temporal missing data in the LOD based on the causal relations from the problem factors and estimated spatial missing data based on geospatial features. As a result, the number of IPBs can be inferred with about 70% accuracy, and places where bicycles might be illegally parked are estimated with about 31% accuracy. Then we published the complemented LOD and a Web application to visualize the distribution of IPBs in the city. Finally, we applied IPBLOD to large social activity in order to raise social awareness of the IPB issues and to remove IPBs, in cooperation with the Tokyo Bureau.