An Ontological Model for Fire Emergency Situations

Kattiuscia BITENCOURT  Frederico ARAÚJO DURÃO  Manoel MENDONÇA  Lassion LAIQUE BOMFIM DE SOUZA SANTANA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.1   pp.108-115
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Semantic Web and Linked Data)
Category: 
Keyword: 
emergency response,  ontology,  conceptual model,  knowledge representation,  fire,  

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Summary: 
The emergency response process is quite complex since there is a wide variety of elements to be evaluated for taking decisions. Uncertainties generated by subjectivity and imprecision affect the safety and effectiveness of actions. The aim of this paper is to develop an onto-logy for emergency response protocols, in particular, to fires in buildings. This developed ontology supports the knowledge sharing, evaluation and review of the protocols used, contributing to the tactical and strategic planning of organizations. The construction of the ontology was based on the methodology Methontology. The domain specification and conceptualization were based in qualitative research, in which were evaluated 131 terms with definitions, of which 85 were approved by specialists. From there, in the Protégé tool, the domain's taxonomy and the axioms were created. The specialists validated the ontology using the assessment by human approach (taxonomy, application and structure). Thus, a sustainable ontology model to the rescue tactical phase was ensured.