A Block-Permutation-Based Encryption Scheme with Independent Processing of RGB Components

Shoko IMAIZUMI  Hitoshi KIYA  
[Paper recommended by Technical Committee on Enriched MultiMedia]

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.12   pp.3150-3157
Publication Date: 2018/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018EDT0002
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
Keyword: 
block-permutation-based encryption,  image scrambling,  jigsaw puzzle solver,  image compression,  key space,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a block-permutation-based encryption (BPBE) scheme for the encryption-then-compression (ETC) system that enhances the color scrambling. A BPBE image can be obtained through four processes, positional scrambling, block rotation/flip, negative-positive transformation, and color component shuffling, after dividing the original image into multiple blocks. The proposed scheme scrambles the R, G, and B components independently in positional scrambling, block rotation/flip, and negative-positive transformation, by assigning different keys to each color component. The conventional scheme considers the compression efficiency using JPEG and JPEG 2000, which need a color conversion before the compression process by default. Therefore, the conventional scheme scrambles the color components identically in each process. In contrast, the proposed scheme takes into account the RGB-based compression, such as JPEG-LS, and thus can increase the extent of the scrambling. The resilience against jigsaw puzzle solver (JPS) can consequently be increased owing to the wider color distribution of the BPBE image. Additionally, the key space for resilience against brute-force attacks has also been expanded exponentially. Furthermore, the proposed scheme can maintain the JPEG-LS compression efficiency compared to the conventional scheme. We confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme by experiments and analyses.