Research on the Impedance Characteristic of a Two-Coil Wireless Power Transfer System

Suqi LIU  Jianping TAN  Xue WEN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E101-C   No.9   pp.711-717
Publication Date: 2018/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E101.C.711
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
Keyword: 
wireless power transfer,  frequency splitting phenomenon,  impedance characteristic,  power superposition principle,  

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Summary: 
Wireless power transfer (WPT) via coupled magnetic resonances has more than ten years history of development. However, it appears frequency splitting phenomenon in the over-coupled region, thus, the output power of the two-coil WPT system achieves the maximum output power at the two splitting angular frequencies and not at the natural resonant angular frequency. By investigating the relationship between the impedances of the transmitter side and receiver side, we found that WPT system is a power superposition system, and the reasons were given to explaining how to appear the frequency splitting and impact on the maximum output power of the system in details. First, the circuit model was established and transfer characteristics of the two-coil WPT system were studied by utilizing circuit theories. Second, the mechanism of the power superposition of the WPT system was carefully researched. Third, the relationship between the impedances of the transmitter side and receiver side was obtained by investigating the impedance characteristics of a two-coil WPT system, and also the impact factors of the maximum output power of the system were obtained by using a power superposition mechanism. Finally, the experimental circuit was designed and experimental results are well consistent with the theoretical analysis.