Phase Shift and Control in Superconducting Hybrid Structures


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E101-C   No.5   pp.378-384
Publication Date: 2018/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E101.C.378
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Innovative Superconducting Devices Based on New Physical Phenomena)
superconductivity,  superconducting spintronics,  π junction,  phase shift,  Josephson junction,  

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The physics and applications of superconducting phase shifts and their control in superconducting systems are reviewed herein. The operation principle of almost all superconducting devices is related to the superconducting phase, and an efficient control of the phase is crucial for improving the performance and scalability. Furthermore, employing new methods to shift or control the phase may lead to the development of novel superconducting device applications, such as cryogenic memory and quantum computing devices. Recently, as a result of the progress in nanofabrication techniques, superconducting phase shifts utilizing π states have been realized. In this review, following a discussion of the basic physics of phase propagation and shifts in hybrid superconducting structures, interesting phenomena and device applications in phase-shifted superconducting systems are presented. In addition, various possibilities for developing electrically and magnetically controllable 0 and π junctions are presented; these possibilities are expected to be useful for future devices.