Reachability Analysis of Multi-Hop D2D Communications at Disaster

Noriaki KAMIYAMA  Keisuke ISHIBASHI  Yoko HOSHIAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.8   pp.1833-1844
Publication Date: 2018/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3382
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
Keyword: 
D2D,  disaster,  multi-agent simulation,  

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Summary: 
During a disaster, users will not be able to communicate with their families and friends using mobile terminals, e.g., smartphones, in many cases due to failures of base stations and backhaul of cellular networks. Even when cellular networks normally operate without failure, they will become seriously congested due to dramatically increased traffic demand. To solve these problems, device-to-device (D2D) communications, in which mobile terminals directly communicate without cellular networks, have been investigated. Multi-hop D2D communication using multiple mobile terminals as relay nodes will be effective in maintaining connectivity during a disaster. It is preferable to estimate the success probability of multi-hop D2D communication by using a simple method that offers optimal parameter control, e.g., the ratio of mobile terminals using D2D communications and the maximum hop length. Moreover, when evaluating the reachability of multi-hop D2D communication, we need to consider the evacuation behavior during a disaster because success probability depends on the geographical distribution of mobile terminals. Therefore, in this paper, we derive a formula for estimating the success probability of multi-hop D2D communication in a simple manner and analyze its reachability using a multi-agent simulation that reproduces the evacuation behavior expected during an earthquake in Tokyo Shinjuku Ward.