Segment Scheduling for Progressive Download-Based Multi-View Video Delivery under Successive View Switching

Takahito KITO  Iori OTOMO  Takuya FUJIHASHI  Yusuke HIROTA  Takashi WATANABE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.4   pp.1152-1162
Publication Date: 2018/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3170
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Multimedia Systems for Communications
Keyword: 
multiview video,  progressive download,  segment scheduling,  successive view switching,  

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Summary: 
In conventional multiview video systems using progressive download, a user downloads videos of all viewpoints of one content to realize smooth view switching. This, however, increases the video traffic, and if the available download rate is low, the video quality suffers. Downloading only the desired viewpoint is one approach for reducing the traffic. However, in this case, playback stalls will occur after view switching. These stalls degrade the user's satisfaction for the application. In this paper, we aim at two objectives: 1) to achieve reduction in video traffic and 2) to minimize the number of playback stalls. To this end, we propose a new multiview video delivery scheme for progressive download. The main idea of the proposed scheme is that the user downloads a part of viewpoints only, which will be played back by the user with a high probability, to realize both traffic reduction and smooth view switching. In addition, we propose two download-scheduling algorithms to prevent playback stalls even at low download rates. The first algorithm prevents stalls in the cases with frequent view switching, such as zapping, while the second prevents stalls in gazing cases. Evaluations using a Joint Multiview Video Coding (JMVC) encoder and multiview video sequences show that our scheme achieves not only reduced video traffic but also decreased number of playback stalls, regardless of the user's view-switching model or download rate. In addition, we demonstrate that the proposed method does not cause playback stalls irrespective of high and low motion video contents.