A Network-Based Identifier Locator Separation Scheme for VANETs

Ju-Ho CHOI  Jung-Hwan CHA  Youn-Hee HAN  Sung-Gi MIN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.3   pp.785-794
Publication Date: 2018/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3146
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs),  ID/locator separation,  network-based seamless mobility,  

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Summary: 
The integration of VANETs with Internet is required if vehicles are to access IP-based applications. A vehicle must have an IP address, and the IP mobility service should be supported during the movement of the vehicle. VANET standards such as WAVE or C-ITS use IPv6 address auto configuration to allocate an IP address to a vehicle. In C-ITS, NEMO-BS is used to support IP mobility. The vehicle moves rapidly, so reallocation of IP address as well as binding update occurs frequently. The vehicle' communication, however, may be disrupted for a considerable amount of time, and the packet loss occurs during these events. Also, the finding of the home address of the peer vehicle is not a trivial matter. We propose a network based identifier locator separation scheme for VANETs. The scheme uses a vehicle identity based address generation scheme. It eliminates the frequent address reallocation and simplifies the finding of the peer vehicle IP address. In the scheme, a network entity tracks the vehicles in its coverage and the vehicles share the IP address of the network entity for their locators. The network entity manages the mapping between the vehicle's identifier and its IP address. The scheme excludes the vehicles from the mobility procedure, so a vehicle needs only the standard IPv6 protocol stack, and mobility signaling does not occur on the wireless link. The scheme also supports seamlessness, so packet loss is mitigated. The results of a simulation show that the vehicles experience seamless packet delivery.