TCP Network Coding with Adapting Parameters for Bursty and Time-Varying Loss

Nguyen VIET HA  Kazumi KUMAZOE  Masato TSURU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.2   pp.476-488
Publication Date: 2018/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3010
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
TCP,  network coding,  link loss rate,  loss burstiness,  Gilbert loss model,  

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The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) with Network Coding (TCP/NC) was proposed to introduce packet loss recovery ability at the sink without TCP retransmission, which is realized by proactively sending redundant combination packets encoded at the source. Although TCP/NC is expected to mitigate the goodput degradation of TCP over lossy networks, the original TCP/NC does not work well in burst loss and time-varying channels. No apparent scheme was provided to decide and change the network coding-related parameters (NC parameters) to suit the diverse and changeable loss conditions. In this paper, a solution to support TCP/NC in adapting to mentioned conditions is proposed, called TCP/NC with Loss Rate and Loss Burstiness Estimation (TCP/NCwLRLBE). Both the packet loss rate and burstiness are estimated by observing transmitted packets to adapt to burst loss channels. Appropriate NC parameters are calculated from the estimated probability of successful recoverable transmission based on a mathematical model of packet losses. Moreover, a new mechanism for coding window handling is developed to update NC parameters in the coding system promptly. The proposed scheme is implemented and validated in Network Simulator 3 with two different types of burst loss model. The results suggest the potential of TCP/NCwLRLBE to mitigate the TCP goodput degradation in both the random loss and burst loss channels with the time-varying conditions.