Wideband Rectangular Antenna Fed Sideways from a Ground Plate

Kyoichi IIGUSA  Hirokazu SAWADA  Fumihide KOJIMA  Hiroshi HARADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.1   pp.176-184
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
wideband antenna,  impedance matching,  offset feed,  polarization,  

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Summary: 
We propose a wideband antenna that has both vertical and horizontal polarization to create access points with enhanced connectivity. The antenna is composed of a rectangular plate and a ground plate, and the rectangular plate is fed sideways from the ground plate. Its -10dB fractional bandwidth is approximately 162%. It is shown that the offset feed of the rectangular plate is important to attain wideband impedance matching and vertical polarized wave. The results of a parametric study to characterize the first- and second-lowest resonant frequencies are presented. Moreover, the behavior of the impedance matching and polarization is interpreted by dividing the current distribution around the feed port on the rectangular plate into the same direction current mode and the opposite direction current mode. The measured results for the return loss and the radiation pattern of a prototype antenna agree well with the simulation results, therefore the wideband property was experimentally confirmed.