A Spectrum Efficient Spatial Polarized QAM Modulation Scheme for Physical Layer Security in Dual-Polarized Satellite Systems

Zhangkai LUO  Huali WANG  Huan HAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.1   pp.146-153
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3145
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
polarization modulation,  depolarization effect,  dual-polarized satellite,  secure transmission,  

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In this paper, a spectrum efficient spatial polarized quadrature amplitude modulation (SPQM) scheme for physical layer security in dual-polarized satellite systems is proposed, which uses the carrier's polarization state, amplitude, phase and the polarization characteristics of the transmitting beams as information bearing parameters, which can improve the transmission efficiency and enhance the transmission security at the same time. As we know, the depolarization effect is the main drawback that affects the symbol error rate performance when polarization states are used to carry information. To solve the problem, we exploit an additional degree of freedom, time, in the proposed scheme, which means that two components of the polarized signal are transmitted in turn in two symbol periods, thus they can be recovered without mutual interference. Furthermore, orthogonal polarizations of the transmitting beam are used as spatial modulation for further increasing the throughput. In addition, in order to improve the transmission security, two transmitting beams are designed to transmit the two components of the polarized signal respectively. In this way, a secure transmission link is formed from the transmitter to the receiver to prevent eavesdropping. Finally, superiorities of SPQM are validated by the theoretical analysis and simulation results in dual-polarized satellite systems.