Design and Experiment of Via-Less and Small-Radiation Waveguide to Microstrip Line Transitions for Millimeter Wave Radar Modules

Takashi MARUYAMA  Shigeo UDAGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.12   pp.2425-2434
Publication Date: 2018/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018EBP3062
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
waveguide to microstrip line transition,  undesirable radiation,  automotive radar module,  patch array antenna,  

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Summary: 
We propose waveguide to microstrip line transitions for automotive millimeter wave radar modules. The transitions perpendicularly connect one waveguide and one or two microstrip lines. The configuration is simple because it consists of a waveguide and a dielectric substrate with copper foils. Additionally the transitions do not need via holes on the substrate. It leads to lower costs and improved reliability. We have already proposed a via-less transition by using multi-stage impedance transformers. The impedance transformers are used for suppressing undesirable radiation from the transition as well as impedance matching. In this paper, we propose a new transition with the microstrip lines on the long axis of the waveguide while most transitions place the microstrip lines on the minor axis (electric field direction) of the waveguide. Though our transition uses bend structures of microstrip lines, which basically cause radiation, our optimized configuration can keep small radiation. We also design a transition with a single microstrip line. The proposed transition with 2 microstrip lines can be modified to the 1 microstrip line version with minimum radiation loss. Electromagnetic simulations confirm the small radiation levels expected. Additionally we fabricate the transitions with back to back structure and determine the transmission and radiation performance. We also fabricates the transition for a patch array antenna. We confirm that the undesirable radiation from the proposed transition is small and the radiation pattern of the array antenna is not worsen by the transition.