Two-Step Column-Parallel SAR/Single-Slope ADC for CMOS Image Sensors

Hejiu ZHANG  Ningmei YU  Nan LYU  Keren LI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E101-A   No.2   pp.434-437
Publication Date: 2018/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E101.A.434
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
A/D conversion,  column-parallel ADC,  SAR/single-slope ADC,  CMOS image sensor,  

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Summary: 
This letter presents a 12-bit column-parallel hybrid two-step successive approximation register/single-slope analog-to-digital converter (SAR/SS ADC) for CMOS image sensor (CIS). For achieving a high conversion speed, a simple SAR ADC is used in upper 6-bit conversion and a conventional SS ADC is used in lower 6-bit conversion. To reduce the power consumption, a comparator is shared in each column, and a 6-bit ramp generator is shared by all columns. This ADC is designed in SMIC 0.18µm CMOS process. At a clock frequency of 22.7MHz, the conversion time is 3.2µs. The ADC has a DNL of -0.31/+0.38LSB and an INL of -0.86/+0.8LSB. The power consumption of each column ADC is 89µW and the ramp generator is 763µW.