Proposals and Implementation of High Band IR-UWB for Increasing Propagation Distance for Indoor Positioning

Huan-Bang LI  Ryu MIURA  Hisashi NISHIKAWA  Toshinori KAGAWA  Fumihide KOJIMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E101-A   No.1   pp.185-194
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E101.A.185
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
IR-UWB,  UWB high band,  propagation distance,  bundling structure,  receiver sensitivity,  positioning precision,  

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Summary: 
Among various indoor positioning technologies, impulse-radio UWB is a promising technique to provide indoor positioning and tracking services with high precision. Because UWB regulations turned to imposing restrictions on UWB low band, UWB high band becomes attractive for enabling simple and low cost implementation. However, UWB high band endures much larger propagation loss than UWB low band. In this paper, we propose two separated methods to compensate the deficiency of high band in propagation. With the first method, we bundle several IR-UWB modules to increase the average transmission power, while an adaptive detection threshold is introduced at the receiver to raise receiving sensitivity with the second method. We respectively implement each of these two proposed methods and evaluate their performance through measurements in laboratory. The results show that each of them achieves about 7dB gains in signal power. Furthermore, positioning performance of these two proposed methods are evaluated and compared through field measurements in an indoor sports land.