Hybrid Minutiae Descriptor for Narrow Fingerprint Verification

Zhiqiang HU  Dongju LI  Tsuyoshi ISSHIKI  Hiroaki KUNIEDA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.3   pp.546-555
Publication Date: 2017/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016EDP7256
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Pattern Recognition
narrow swipe sensor,  fingerprint verification,  hybrid minutiae descriptor,  Gabor feature,  

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Narrow swipe sensor based systems have drawn more and more attention in recent years. However, the size of captured image is significantly smaller than that obtained from the traditional area fingerprint sensor. Under this condition the available minutiae number is also limited. Therefore, only employing minutiae with the standard associated feature can hardly achieve high verification accuracy. To solve this problem, we present a novel Hybrid Minutiae Descriptor (HMD) which consists of two modules. The first one: Minutiae Ridge-Valley Orientation Descriptor captures the orientation information around minutia and also the trace points located at associated ridge and valley. The second one: Gabor Binary Code extracts and codes the image patch around minutiae. The proposed HMD enhances the representation capability of minutiae feature, and can be matched very efficiently. Experiments conducted over public databases and the database captured by the narrow swipe sensor show that this innovative method gives rise to significant improvements in reducing FRR (False Reject Rate) and EER (Equal Error Rate).