A Static Packet Scheduling Approach for Fast Collective Communication by Using PSO

Takashi YOKOTA  Kanemitsu OOTSU  Takeshi OHKAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.12   pp.2781-2795
Publication Date: 2017/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Parallel and Distributed Computing and Networking)
Category: Interconnection networks
parallel computers,  interconnection networks,  collective communication,  communication performance,  packet scheduling,  

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Interconnection network is one of the inevitable components in parallel computers, since it is responsible to communication capabilities of the systems. It affects the system-level performance as well as the physical and logical structure of the systems. Although many studies are reported to enhance the interconnection network technology, we have to discuss many issues remaining. One of the most important issues is congestion management. In an interconnection network, many packets are transferred simultaneously and the packets interfere to each other in the network. Congestion arises as a result of the interferences. Its fast spreading speed seriously degrades communication performance and it continues for long time. Thus, we should appropriately control the network to suppress the congested situation for maintaining the maximum performance. Many studies address the problem and present effective methods, however, the maximal performance in an ideal situation is not sufficiently clarified. Solving the ideal performance is, in general, an NP-hard problem. This paper introduces particle swarm optimization (PSO) methodology to overcome the problem. In this paper, we first formalize the optimization problem suitable for the PSO method and present a simple PSO application as naive models. Then, we discuss reduction of the size of search space and introduce three practical variations of the PSO computation models as repetitive model, expansion model, and coding model. We furthermore introduce some non-PSO methods for comparison. Our evaluation results reveal high potentials of the PSO method. The repetitive and expansion models achieve significant acceleration of collective communication performance at most 1.72 times faster than that in the bursty communication condition.