Study on Compact Head-Mounted Display System Using Electro-Holography for Augmented Reality

Eishin MURAKAMI  Yuki OGURO  Yuji SAKAMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E100-C   No.11   pp.965-971
Publication Date: 2017/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Electronic Displays)
Category: 
Keyword: 
head-mounted display,  augmented reality,  electro-holography,  computer-generated hologram,  

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Summary: 
Head-mounted displays (HMDs) and augmented reality (AR) are actively being studied. However, ordinary AR HMDs for visual assistance have a problem in which users have difficulty simultaneously focusing their eyes on both the real target object and the displayed image because the image can only be displayed at a fixed distance from an user's eyes in contrast to where the real object three-dimensionally exists. Therefore, we considered incorporating a holographic technology, an ideal three-dimensional (3D) display technology, into an AR HMD system. A few studies on holographic HMDs have had technical problems, and they have faults in size and weight. This paper proposes a compact holographic AR HMD system with the purpose of enabling an ideal 3D AR HMD system which can correctly reconstruct the image at any depth. In this paper, a Fourier transform optical system (FTOS) was implemented using only one lens in order to achieve a compact and lightweight structure, and a compact holographic AR HMD system was constructed. The experimental results showed that the proposed system can reconstruct sharp images at the correct depth for a wide depth range. This study enabled an ideal 3D AR HMD system that enables simultaneous viewing of both the real target object and the reconstructed image without feeling visual fatigue.