Design and Implementation of Lighting Control System Using Battery-Less Wireless Human Detection Sensor Networks

Tao YU  Yusuke KUKI  Gento MATSUSHITA  Daiki MAEHARA  Seiichi SAMPEI  Kei SAKAGUCHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.6   pp.974-985
Publication Date: 2017/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3344
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
proof-of-concept,  energy saving,  LED light control,  battery-less wireless human detection sensor network,  multi-sensor user localization,  

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Summary: 
Artificial lighting is responsible for a large portion of total energy consumption and has great potential for energy saving. This paper designs an LED light control algorithm based on users' localization using multiple battery-less binary human detection sensors. The proposed lighting control system focuses on reducing office lighting energy consumption and satisfying users' illumination requirement. Most current lighting control systems use infrared human detection sensors, but the poor detection probability, especially for a static user, makes it difficult to realize comfortable and effective lighting control. To improve the detection probability of each sensor, we proposed to locate sensors as close to each user as possible by using a battery-less wireless sensor network, in which all sensors can be placed freely in the space with high energy stability. We also proposed to use a multi-sensor-based user localization algorithm to capture user's position more accurately and realize fine lighting control which works even with static users. The system is actually implemented in an indoor office environment in a pilot project. A verification experiment is conducted by measuring the practical illumination and power consumption. The performance agrees with design expectations. It shows that the proposed LED lighting control system reduces the energy consumption significantly, 57% compared to the batch control scheme, and satisfies user's illumination requirement with 100% probability.