Monte Carlo Based Channel Characteristics for Underwater Optical Wireless Communications

Ai-ping HUANG  Lin-wei TAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.4   pp.612-618
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
underwater optical wireless communications,  channel characteristics,  Monte Carlo simulation method,  

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In this paper, we investigate the channel characteristics of underwater optical wireless communications (UOWC) based on Monte Carlo simulation method. The impulse response and channel time dispersion of the link are discussed. Also we consider the channel parameters comprehensively like the water type, attenuation length, divergence angle, beam width, field-of-view (FOV), receiver aperture and position. Simulation results suggest that in clear water, the channel can effectively be considered as non inter-symbol interference (ISI) when working over distance of up to 40m. Therefore, in practice the receiver does not need to perform computationally complex signal processing operations. However, in harbor water, the channel time dispersion will enlarge with larger FOV or divergence angle, and reduce the data transmission efficiency. When the attenuation length is smaller than diffused length, larger receivers offer lower intensity than smaller ones. In contrast, the intensity enhances with larger receiver at the small FOV, however, they trend to similar regardless of the apertures at large FOV. Furthermore, we study the effect of misalignment of the transmitter and receiver on the received intensity. The results give us some insight in terms of what constitutes an accurate UOWC channel.