Low Computational Complexity Direction-of-Arrival Estimation of Wideband Signal Sources Based on Squared TOPS

Hirotaka HAYASHI  Tomoaki OHTSUKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A   No.1   pp.219-226
Publication Date: 2017/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E100.A.219
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
array signal processing,  DOA estimation,  wideband signals,  

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Summary: 
We propose a new direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation method of wideband signals. In several decades, many approaches to estimate DOA of wideband signal sources have been proposed. Test of orthogonality of projected subspaces (TOPS) and Squared TOPS are the estimation algorithms to realize high resolution performance of closely spaced signal sources. These methods, however, are not suitable for DOA estimation of multiple signal sources, because the spatial spectrum calculated by Squared TOPS has some false peaks. Therefore, the authors have proposed the weighted squared TOPS (WS-TOPS) to suppress these false peaks by modifying the orthogonality evaluation matrix, WS-TOPS also achieves better DOA estimation accuracy than that of Squared TOPS. On the other hand, WS-TOPS has a drawback, it requires high computational complexity. Our new method can realize good DOA estimation performance, which is better than that of Squared TOPS, with low computational complexity by reducing the size of orthogonality evaluation matrix and the number of subspaces to be used. Simulation results show that the new method can provide high resolution performance and high DOA estimation accuracy with low computational complexity.