Maximizing the Throughput of Wi-Fi Mesh Networks with Distributed Link Activation

Jae-Young YANG  Ledan WU  Yafeng ZHOU  Joonho KWON  Han-You JEONG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A   No.11   pp.2425-2438
Publication Date: 2017/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Mobile Information Network and Personal Communications
Wi-Fi mesh networks,  resource allocation,  distributed link activation,  throughput maximization,  

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In this paper, we study Wi-Fi mesh networks (WMNs) as a promising candidate for wireless networking infrastructure that interconnects a variety of access networks. The main performance bottleneck of a WMN is their limited capacity due to the packet collision from the contention-based IEEE 802.11s MAC. To mitigate this problem, we present the distributed link-activation (DLA) protocol which activates a set of collision-free links for a fixed amount of time by exchanging a few control packets between neighboring MRs. Through the rigorous proof, it is shown that the upper bound of the DLA rounds is O(Smax), where Smax is the maximum number of (simultaneous) interference-free links in a WMN topology. Based on the DLA, we also design the distributed throughput-maximal scheduling (D-TMS) scheme which overlays the DLA protocol on a new frame architecture based on the IEEE 802.11 power saving mode. To mitigate its high latency, we propose the D-TMS adaptive data-period control (D-TMS-ADPC) that adjusts the data period depending on the traffic load of a WMN. Numerical results show that the D-TMS-ADPC scheme achieves much higher throughput performance than the IEEE 802.11s MAC.